The term “psychology” comes from the Greek word “Psyche”, which means “breath of the spirit, soul, and the words” LOGIA “means” test “. Psychology did not always exist as it is today. In fact, it is considered a relatively young discipline, but according to psychologists released, has a short history, but a long history. Psychology comes from biology and philosophy, and is closely related to other disciplines, such as sociology, medicine, linguistics and anthropology.
2. Consolidation and funding
Memory consolidation means a process in which a temporary unstable container is transformed into a more stable, more permanent form. Memory consolidation was first proposed in 1900. (Müller and Pilzecker 1900, Lechner et al., 1999), in order to take into account the phenomenon of retrospective human intervention, i.e. disorders. Support for consolidation already existed for the facts of retrograde amnesia, especially as described in the previous letters of Ribot (1881).
The bottom line is that the latter are more susceptible to injury or disease than the memories of memories, and the validity of this application for consolidation was immediately assessed.
3. Psychological topics
Psychology is a scientific study of mind and behavior. Psychology is a universal subject, covering many fields of research, including human development, sport, health, clinical behavior, social behavior and cognitive processes.
Psychology personality offers with regular patterns of behavior, thoughts and emotions (commonly known as personality) individuals. Personality theories differ in different schools and psychological orientations. They have different assumptions about things like the role of consciousness and the importance of children’s experiences. According to Freud, personality is based on the dynamic interaction of identity, ego and superego.
To create a personality construction taxonomy, teorininkai tries to describe the personality of the area using a separate basic property of numbers, using a statistical method to analyze the data reduction factor.
3.2 Unconscious mind
Examination of the subconscious is not a person who, however, influenced thinking and retaining consciousness, it was the beginning of psychological characteristics. In one of the first psychological experiments that were conducted in the United States, CS Peirce and Joseph Jastrow in 1884, it turned out that players can choose one of two slightly larger weights, even if they knew the right difference.
Freud made this popular concept, with terms such as Freud slipping in popular culture, penetrating uncensored unconscious thoughts of his speech and deeds. His text from 1901. Everyday psychopathology lists hundreds of everyday events that Freud explains unconsciously. Pierre Janet created the idea of the subconscious, which could have independent psychic elements that were not available for the subject of the research.
Psychologists like William James first used the term “motivation” called intentions, like the philosophy of the will of the concept. With the continued growth of Darwin and Freud’s mentality, instinct was also considered the main motivation. According to the theory of driving, instinctive forces connect to one energy source that has a steady influence.
Psychoanalysis, like biology, looked at these forces as physical needs that the body was for the nervous system. They believed, however, that these forces, especially sexual instincts, could be included in the psyche. Classical psychoanalysis is a struggle between the principle of pleasure and the principle of reality, which approximately corresponds to identity and ego.
4. The idea of perfect psychology
Today’s behavioral neurology focuses on the physical causes that support behavior. For example, physiological psychologists use in animal models, usually rats to investigate neurons, cellular and genetic mechanisms, that certain behaviors such as learning reactions and memory and anxiety are revealed.
Cognitive neuroscientists study the neural correlates of the psychological processes of the human body using neural imaging techniques and the neuropsychologist perform psychological assessment to determine, for example, certain aspects and disorders of cognitive functions that causes brain damage or the degree of the disease.
Cognitive psychology examines psychological processes of cognition, mental activity. Awareness, attention, thinking, thinking, problem solving, memory, science, language and emotions are areas of research. Classical cognitive psychology concerns a method called cognitivism of thinking, which advocates the adoption of mental functions of information about its functionalism and the experimental model of psychology processing.
Psychoanalysis involves a method of studying experience and interpretation through a systematic set of human behavioral theories. and the form of psychotherapy of mental stress or emotional treatment, especially conflicts resulting from the unconscious mind.
This school of thought developed in 1890 by Austrian physicians including Josef Breuer (doctor), Alfred Adler (doctor), Otto Rank (psychoanalyst) and the famous Sigmund Freud (neurologist). Freud’s psychoanalytic theory relies heavily on interpretive techniques, own observations and clinical observations. He became very popular, especially since he was associated with sexuality, oppression and unconsciousness.
5. Application of psychology
Psychology is a study of the behavior, activity and mental activity of people. It also indicates how to apply knowledge that can be used to understand events, solve mental health problems and improve education, work and relationships.
5.1 Psychiatric care
The provision of mental health services in the United States is commonly referred to as clinical psychology. The definitions of this concept are different and may include psychology at school and psychology for counseling. Practitioners usually include people with psychological education, but others can. In Canada, the above-mentioned groups usually fall into the category of occupational psychology.
Practitioners receive a BA and PhD from Canada and the United States, followed by an internship and postgraduate studies. Mexico and many other European and American Latin countries, psychologists do not get and bachelor’s degrees. Instead of completing three years of vocational training, they graduate. Currently, clinical psychology is the largest specialization in psychology.
5.2 Military and intelligence
Psychologists can also work on a series of campaigns, commonly called psychological warfare. Psychological warfare is mainly related to the use of propaganda for attacks on soldiers and civilians. As part of the so-called black propaganda, propaganda aims to show it from a different source. The MKULTRA CIA program took part in a more individualized effort to control the mind with techniques such as hypnosis, torture and secretive LSD forced administration.
The US Army used the name “psychological operations” (Psyopus) by 2010, when it is called “military information support operations” (miso), part of the IT operations (IO), were assigned. Psychologists sometimes participate in suspects’ surveys and torture, although they are sometimes rejected by others and rejected by others.
6. Problems with the current methodology
In recent years, several popular media have drawn attention to the psychology of crisis replication, arguing that many results in this field can not be reproduced. Some celebrities of repeating the research did not create the same conclusions, and some researchers were accused of fraud in their conclusions. The emphasis on this subject led to the resumption of efforts to review important conclusions.
At least two-thirds of the results of many published psychologies do not repeat and repeatability was stronger than studies of social psychology and journals that are represented in cognitive psychology in general. Part of the psychology that remained almost unchanged from emergency replication was the genetics of behavior, except for the preservation of the candidate’s gene interaction and gene candidate for environmental research and mental illness.
7. The existential-humanistic theories
Humanistic psychology focuses primarily on psychology, not on a specific field or in another school. This means respect for personal values, respect for different views, acceptable methods of openness and interest in finding new aspects of human behavior.
In modern psychology, the “third force” is a problem that has little room in existing theories and systems. As for love, creativity, self-development, body, basic needs, self-realization, higher values become spontaneity, games, humor, love, naturalness, warmth, ego-transcendence, objectivity, independence, responsibility, sense of integrity, transcendental experience. The highest experience, courage and related concepts.
Psychology is about how one person and another person are trying to scientifically explain how thoughts, feelings and behaviors of the real, imagined or suggested in the presence of others.
Sometimes it seems that the pace of learning is slow restless, in terms of training and education, intolerance and hope is enormous. In the area of science, the past quarter was a breakthrough in research. Due to many new solutions, this part of the study was conducted to assess the level of people’s scientific knowledge and their learning in education.